Freek van Ede

Associate Professor

Freek obtained his PhD in 2014 from the Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour (Radboud University Nijmegen) where he worked with Eric Maris, Ole Jensen, and Floris de Lange. He then received a Marie Skłodowska-Curie Fellowship and a Newton International Fellowship and spent five years as a post-doctoral research fellow at the Oxford Centre for Human Brain Activity (University of Oxford) in the Brain & Cognition Lab of Kia Nobre. In 2020, Freek was awarded an ERC Starting Grant to found the Proactive Brain Lab at the Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam, and in 2022 he received an NWO Vidi grant to expand the lab. Freek has received several awards and recognitions, including the Young Investigator Awards from the Dutch Society for Brain and Cognition (NVP, 2022), the British Association for Cognitive Neuroscience (BACN, 2023) and the Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS, 2023). Freek currently serves on the editorial board of Vision, and on the editorial advisory boards of the Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, Progress in Neurobiology, and Visual Cognition. He is co-chair of the Amsterdam Graduate Network for Cognitive Neuroscience, serves as PhD candidate advisor at the Faculty of Behavioural and Movement Sciences, and teaches the research-master course on Cognitive Electrophysiology at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.


Sisi Wang

Sisi obtained her PhD in Cognitive Neuroscience in 2019 from East China Normal University where she worked with Yixuan Ku. She then worked as a postdoc from 2020 to 2022 at Beijing Normal University and Vanderbilt University with Gui Xue and Geoffrey F. Woodman. In the Proactive Brain Lab, Sisi uses electroencephalography (EEG) and eye-tracking to investigate how internal selective attention influences working-memory representations.

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Rose Nasrawi

Rose obtained a master degree in Brain and Cognitive Sciences from the University of Amsterdam in 2020. Within the Proactive Brain Lab, Rose investigates the action-oriented nature of visual working memory, and its neural signatures, mainly using electroencephalography (EEG).

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Baiwei Liu

Baiwei obtained his master degree in Cognitive Neuropsychology from the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam in 2020. In the Proactive Brain Lab, Baiwei combines eye-tracking and electroencephalography (EEG) to investigate the links between microsaccades and EEG signatures of spatial attention inside working memory, and to track the transformations in working memory that serve anticipated task goals.

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Eelke de Vries

Eelke obtained his master degree in Cognitive Science in 2018 from the University of Trento in Italy and Osnabrück University in Germany. In the Proactive Brain Lab, Eelke uses microsaccadic markers of internally directed selective attention to investigate the roles and properties of space and time in visual working memory.

Daniela Gresch

Daniela obtained her master degree in Neuro-cognitive Psychology from LMU Munich in 2018 and is currently a PhD student in the Brain & Cognition Lab at the University of Oxford. Being co-supervised by Freek, Daniela investigates the behavioural and neural signatures of the dynamic interplay between internal and external attention, as well as the modulation thereof by temporal expectations.

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Babak Chawoush

Babak obtained his master degree in Artificial Intelligence from the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam in 2021. In the Proactive Brain Lab, Babak develops and employs combined virtual-reality + eye-tracking experiments to study the principles of visual working memory and selective attention in immersive, dynamic, and 3-dimensional settings.

Anna van Harmelen

Anna obtained her bachelor's degree in Psychobiology at the University of Amsterdam in 2021, after which she pursued a master's degree in Neuroscience at the Graduate School of Systemic Neurosciences at the LMU in Munich. In the Proactive Brain Lab, Anna currently investigates the various factors that govern attentional selection and prioritisation within visual working memory, using a combination of eye-tracking and behavioural experiments.


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Abel Puigseslloses

Abel completed his bachelor's degree in Psychology at the University of Girona, Spain (2022). At the moment, he is pursuing a master's degree in the Brain and Cognitive Sciences program at the University of Amsterdam, specializing in the Cognitive Science track. In the Proactive Brain Lab, he conducted his first masters project and is currently involved in assisting with participant recruitment and data collection.


Caterina Fregonese (master-thesis research project, 2023/24)

Siyang Kong (master-thesis research project, 2024)

Valentina Abondano (master research project, 2024)

Kaiyu Huang (master-thesis research project, 2024)

Thomas Janzen (master research project, 2024)

Eva Ruzicka (master research project, 2024)

Holly Zhang (master research project, 2024)

Frantz Aimé (master research project, 2024)

Carolin Schneider (bachelor-thesis research project, 2024)


(We are generally open to hosting additional master-level research projects)

LAB ALUMNI (since 2020)

Beatriz Figueiredo Janicas (master-thesis research project, 2023)

Eleni Evangelidi (master-thesis research project, 2023)

Betül Karabaş (master-thesis research project, 2023)

Anna van Harmelen (master-thesis research project, 2023)

Abel Puigseslloses (master research project, 2023)

Joelle Simon (master research project, 2023)

Kesia Martina (bachelor-thesis research project, 2023)

Mare Hamelink (bachelor-thesis research project, 2023)

Flavia Ercoli (bachelor-thesis research project, 2023)

Gaspar Perez-Ayora (master-thesis research project, 2022)

Ruiheng Zhang (master-thesis research project, 2022)

Mika Mautner-Rohde (master research project)

Sofia Alexopoulou (master research project, 2022)

Fabio Calamia (master research project, 2022)

Xinrui Li (master-thesis research project, 2022)

Miranda Ramzy (master-thesis research project, 2021)

Yun Ding (visiting postdoc, 2021)

Florian Ragalmuto (master research project, 2021)

Tess Röder (master research project, 2021)

Johanna Röscher (bachelor-thesis research project, 2021)


Jasper Hajonides – graduated 2021 at the University of Oxford (supervised together with Kia Nobre & Mark Stokes)

Sage Boettcher – graduated 2020 at the University of Oxford (supervised together with Kia Nobre & Mark Stokes)

Simone Heideman – graduated 2018 at the University of Oxford (supervised together with Kia Nobre)